Basic Security Issues That Every IT Professional Must Know

The field of information technology is always blessed with new problems and threats. Information security is the most challenging domain in most of the modern enterprises. The security professionals in the information technology field have to take up new challenges everyday by facing many new threats to the security.

The same old methods will not do well and so they have to be innovative and updated to find out new solutions and methods to solve various problems against information security. Advanced and improved knowledge of critical information security issues will help solving the big problems. It’s very essential to have a very cost effective solution to overcome all those threats to information security.

So if you are dealing with IT security’s internal or external attacks, it’s very essential for you need to know the products and methods which can solve all the threats to the network assets, enterprise resources, websites and applications. So I am going to point out the basic security threats or issues that every IT security professional will encounter for sure. The first and the very important issue are preventing the loss or theft of valuable information. Next is the prevention of dangerous attacks of spy wares.

Then it’s very essential to block intruders to take advantage of weak point in our network to access the system. It’s essential to solve network weakness and secure all network ports. Access control and identity management is a very big deal in almost every application or websites. Information is wealth in IT industry and IT security system must be hacker free to achieve it, so keep the issues in mind.

Federal Cyber Security: Are We Winning or Losing?

At the recent Security Innovation Network (SINET) event held in Washington D.C recently a sober assessment of our nation’s capacity to maintain an adequate cyber defense emerged.

The state of our cyber defense was summarized by Michael Chertoff, former Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security when he concluded that it may take “a digital 9-11” to get business, consumers and governments to fortify their cyber security defenses. In effect we are fighting an asymmetrical war and, at present, we appear to be losing.

Echoing this theme, Mr. Vivek Wadhwa, a respected cyber security analyst, argues, “Government simply can’t innovate fast enough to keep pace with the threats and dynamics of the Internet or Silicon Valley’s rapidly changing technologies.”

Wadhwa goes on to point out that innovative entrepreneurial technology advancements are needed but the government, because of it overwhelming dependencies on large contractors, is not equipped to take advantage of new and powerful cyber defense technology.

Wadhwa concludes that true innovation developed through smaller entrepreneurial firms is being stifled by Federal Government procurement practices.

The Federal Government Acquisition Strategy is Inadequate:

Although Wadhwa’s argument is focused on technology development only it also applies equally to service providers who adapt new technology to new and improving defensive tactics such as vulnerability assessment, analysis of threats and remedial action.

Since effective defense against cyber attacks is an on going process of monitoring and taking coercive action, the role of services and the cyber warrior is also critical and outdated Federal buying patterns are equally harmful.

Much of the problem stems from the present buying and acquisition patterns of the government. For years now the government has preferred to bundle requirements in to large “omnibus” or IDIQ contracts (with negotiated task orders) that favor the largest contractors but stifle innovation and flexibility. Cyber security requirements are treated on a like basis with Information technology requirements and this is a mistake.

In addition, recent Congressional contracting “reforms” have encouraged protest actions on new contracts and task orders for both new and existing contracts, resulting in a significant delay of the procurement process. In the fast evolving world of cyber security, delayed deployment of often obsolete technology solutions increases the risk of a successful attack.

Because these contracts are extremely large, they require many levels of approval-usually by Congress or senior administration officials. It typically takes 3-4 years for government to award these and successful bidders frequently have to go through a grueling “certification” process to get approved to bid. Proposal efforts for large bundled contracts cost millions of dollars to prepare and to lobby government officials and political leaders in order to win.

Because of buying patterns that are slanted toward large, slower moving contractors new technology required to meet the multitude of cyber threats will be ignored in the coming years. This puts the nation at risk.

Small contractors are often overlooked in favor of large contractors who frequently use contract vehicles to provide services and solutions that are often out of date in the rapidly changing cyber world.

Startups can’t wait this long or afford the cost of bidding. But it is not enough to demonize large contractors when the root cause lies is how the government procures technology.

In order to remedy this problem an overhaul of the acquisition and procurement process is required to level the playing field for small cyber security companies: it must be made easier for startups and small service providers to bid for government contracts.

One effective way to do this is to unbundle the cyber requirements for IT acquisitions and use more small business set asides for contract awards. In addition protests at the General Accounting Office must be discouraged and reserved only for obvious abuses of the contracting process.

Procurement times should be reduced to months rather than years; some projects should be done in smaller steps so that the major contractors, whose goal is often revenue maximization and placing unqualified bench staff, aren’t the only ones qualified to complete them.

Cyber attacks on our sensitive infrastructure and government agencies have increased significantly. We need the latest technology and best tools in order to win the cyber war.

The Latest Home Security Solutions Are Among the Most Effective

Throughout the course of human civilization, home security has been a major concern for everyone since…well, since the very beginning of civilization itself, when people started to reside in shelters that eventually became homes as opposed to living a nomadic existence. The things that have been done ever since the dawn of civilization with regards to home security have been many, and different security solutions have met with differing degrees of effectiveness and general usage. We are lucky in that we get to experience the bonanza of security innovations of these modern times we live in, as there have never before been so many dynamic and fascinating ways to defend the safety of our homes and our family members.

The latest home security solutions to be invented or implemented on a grand scale are not only fascinating from a technological standpoint, but, better yet, they are highly effective-and that’s why people should seriously consider updating their house’s security system as a whole. To really be able to pretend that you have got a comprehensive and well-informed security plan for your home, you have to consider at least some of these modern security solutions:

• Home automation technology: This is one of the most impressive modern security solutions out there, though in reality the technology itself isn’t designed strictly for security purposes. Home automation systems essentially consolidate all of the electrical and electronic appliances of a home onto one ‘operating platform,’ so to speak: total control of all the appliances in a home with the ability to create on/off times for any/all of them, to control energy consumption, and to decrease the risk of electrical fires. This last feature makes it inherently obvious how such technology can be used with security aims, yet it goes beyond that: for example, you can use automated appliance schedules to create the impression that your home is occupied when in reality there is nobody there-a smart thing to do to make burglars less interested in your home while you’re away!

• Data protection services: We live in a digital age, yet surprisingly few of us actually take our digital security seriously enough. Whether you have a home-run business with lots of confidential, important digital data or you simply want to protect your family’s digital information (tax forms, health documents, emails, photos, etc.), today’s security providers offer digital security services to their subscribers that help protect very valuable information-and that should be a central home security focus.

• Cellular network backups: When there is a security problem at home, your security monitoring company (ideally the same company that installed your security system at home) should know about it as well as you-and may well know about it before you. Yet if your home’s land line is disconnected for whatever reason, there is no way for that information to reach their security monitoring center. That’s why you should consider having your company switch on an emergency backup communications line that is carried over a cellular network…it’s just another way to use modern technology to put your home security priorities first.